Sharps and Flats

 

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Sharp (#) and flat (b)  are two musical terms which essentially mean: ‘higher’ and ‘lower’.

Here are all of the notes in order:

A   A#   B   C   C#   D   D#   E   F   F#   G   G#   A

A# is one semi tone higher than A,

G# is one semi tone higher than G,

E is one semi tone higher than D#,

Bb is one semi tone lower than B,

and Db is one semi tone lower than D.

This means that A# is the same note as Bb (since there is only one note in between A and B). Don’t worry too much about this now, as it will become clear why these terms are necessary later on.

 

 

 


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